Water Journal September 2009

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Volume 36 No 6 SEPTEMBER 2009AWA JOURNAL OF THE AUSTRALIAN WATER ASSOCIATION000 0 0~ ~U } U }N Na.. a.. ClLJ.J>0a:a.. a..<l:t;:; 0a.. f-2a: a..The…
Volume 36 No 6 SEPTEMBER 2009AWA JOURNAL OF THE AUSTRALIAN WATER ASSOCIATION000 0 0~ ~U"} U"}N Na.. a.. ClLJ.J>0a:a.. a..<l:t;:; 0a.. f-2a: a..The Industry's Most Widely Used Water Modelling SoftwareMajor water network operators like Brisbane City Council, ActewAGL Water Division, SA Water; and Barwon Water all rely on Bentley products every day.w at erJo,mal of the Austral;, " Wate, AssociationISSN 0310-0367Volume 36 No 6 September 2009contents REGULAR FEATURESLatest products to receive the Smart Approved WaterMark . see page 18From the AWA President Celebrating Excellence From the AWA Chief Executive Desai or Not Desai; Is that the Question? My Point of View Crosscurrent Aquaphemera Industry News AWA News Events Calendar Conference ReportsP Robinson4T Mollenkopf 5 R Madew 6 10 R Knee 14 1823 32 34FEATURE REPORTS 'Toilets for All', Stockholm Water Prize Recipient Dr Bindeshwar Pathak s~~~The Water Research Laboratory Celebrates 50 Years42WL PeirsonMilestone for Kwinana · see page 21AWA CONTACT DETAILS Australian Water Association ABN 78 096 035 773 Level 6, 655 Pacific Hwy, PO Box 222, St Leonards NSW 1590 Tel: +61 2 9436 0055 Fax: +61 2 9436 0155 Email: info@awa.asn.au Web: www.awa.asn.au DISCLAIMER Australian Water Association assumes no responsibility for opinion or statements of facts expressed by contributors or advertisers. COPYRIGHT AWA Water Journal is subject to copyright and may not be reproduced in any format without written permission of the AWA. To seek permission to reproduce Water Journal materials, send your request to media@awa.asn.au WATER JOURNAL MISSION STATEMENT 'To provide a journal that interests and informs on water matters, Australian and international, covering technological, environmental, economic and social aspects, and to provide a repository of useful refereed papers.,information and letters to the editor. Acceptance of editorial submissions is at the discretion of the editor and editorial board. • Technical Papers and Features Bob Swinton, Technical Editor, Water Journal- bswinton@bigpond.net.au AND journal@awa.asn.au Papers 3,000·4,000 words and graphics; or topical articles of up to 2,000 words relating to all areas of the water cycle and water business. Submissions are tabled at monthly editorial board meetings and where appropriate are assigned referees. Referee comments will be forwarded to the principal author for further action. Authors should be mindful that Water Journal is published in a 3 column 'magazine' format rather than the full-page format of Word documents. Graphics should be set up so that they will still be clearly legible when reduced to two-column size (about 12cm wide}. Tables and figures need to be numbered with the appropriate reference in the text e.g. see Figure 1, not just placed in the text with a (see below} reference as they may end up anywhere on the page when typeset.I• Industry News, Opinion pieces and Media Releases Edie Nyers, Editor, Water Journal- journal@awa.asn.auPU BLISH DATES Water Journal is published eight times per year: • Water Business and Product News Brian Rault, National Sales and February, March, May, June, August, September, November and December. Advertising Manager, Hallmark Editions brian.rault@halledit.com.au EDITORIAL BOARD Chair: Frank R Bishop; Dr Bruce Anderson, AECOM; Dr Terry Anderson, Consultant ADVERTISING Advertisements are included as an information service to SEWL; Michael Chapman, GHD; Robert Ford, central Highlands water (rtd}; Anthony readers and are reviewed before publication to ensure relevance to the water Gibson, Ecowise; Dr Brian Labza, Vic Health; Dr Robbert van oorschot, GHD; John sector and objectives of the AWA. Brian Rault, National Sales and Advertising Poon, CH2M Hill; David Power, BEGA Consultants; Professor Felicity Roddick, Manager, Hallmark Editions - brian.rault@halledit.com.au Tel: +61 3 8534 5014 RMIT University; Dr Ashok Sharma, CSIRO; and EA (Bob} AWA BOOKSHOP Copies of Water Journal, including back issues, are Swinton, Technical Editor. available from the AWA Bookshop for $12.50 plus postage and handling.AWA~--=-.. ~--:? • -EDITORIAL SUBMISSIONS Water JournalEmail: bookshop@awa.asn.auwelcomes editorial submissions for technical and topical articles, news, opinion pieces, businessPUBLISHER Hallmark Editions, PO Box 84, Hampton, Vic 3188 Tel: 61 3 8534 5000 Fax: 61 3 9530 8911 Email: hallmark.editions@halledit.com.au ,OUR COVER Data acquisition has come a long way since wireless sensor networks were first developed. A joint Seqwater - CSIRO project on Lake Wivenhoe, Brisbane's major supply, is co ntinuously monitoring the water quality at 45 sites. As well as the array of floating sensors, a solarpowered 16 ft catamaran can be deployed over the Lake via a secure internet site. It is equipped with sensors which can be moved through the water column whilst the vehicle is in mot ion. See page 74. Photo: Navid Nourani-Vatani.water SEPTEMBER 2009 1wat erJournal of the Australian Water Association ISSN 0310-0367Planning for Advanced Tertiary Treatment: Melbourne's ETP - see page 46Volume 36 No 6 September 2009contentsContinuous Monitoring of Reservoir Water Quality: The Wivenhoe Project - see page 74TECHNICAL FEATURES ([m INDICATES THE PAPER HAS BEEN REFEREED) WASTEWATER TREATMENT[I] Planning for Advanced Tertiary Treatment: Melbourne's ETP C McAulitfe, J Mieog, C Williams, J Currie46GHook, T Carpenter, N Hatala, B Munn, K George, R Copithorn57J F Colton, C Laidlaw63A Badalyan, M Holmes, CW K Chow, DVitanage67M Dunbabin, J Udy, A Grinham, M Bruenig74DA George, PL Tan, CL Baldwin, J Mackenzie, I White78RWillis, RA Stewart, K Panuwatwanich, B Capati, D Giurco84J Lane, EGardner91Pilot testing of process trains for high quality productUpgrades at the Metropolitan Syracuse WWTP, New York - Part 1 Ammonia Removal Pilot testing to full-scale operation SCADA[I] Coagulant Control Using Online UV-Vis Monitoring Provides rapid capability to optimise removal of NOM[i] Free Chlorine Analysers: A User's Selection Guide Identifying the most appropriate monitor for a specific applicationContinuous Monitoring of Reservoir Water Quality: The Wivenhoe Project Piloting the Integrated Wireless Sensor Network COMMUNITY CONSULTATION[I] Improving Groundwater Planning by Needs Analysis Stakeholder support for the development of practical interactive tools[ii Gold Coast Domestic Water End Use Study The average winter consumption was 157 Upc/d ONSITE SYSTEMS[I] Life Cycle Assessment of Water Cycle Alternatives Comparing a novel peri-urban development with conventional systems WATER BUSINESSNew Products and Business Information. Feature: Wastewater Treatment Advertisers' Index 2 SEPTEMBER 2009 water98112my point of viewThe Worth of Water in Green Building Romilly Madew is the Chief Executive of the Green Building Council of Australia (GBCA). An experienced property advocate, Romil/y was previously Executive Director of the ACT Division of the Property Council of Australia. "We never know the worth of water 'til the well is dry", goes the old adage. For Australians , who live on the world 's driest inhabited continent, it's alarming to acknowledge that we have the fourth highest per capita consumption, according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), after the United States, Canada and New Zealand.resources. In 2003, we released the Green Star environmental rating system for buildings, which evaluates the green attributes of building projects based on nine categories, including energy efficiency, indoor environment quality, resource conservation and, of course, water management.While this is primarily driven by the agriculture sector, the commercial sector is also a significant water user, accounting for almost half of the non-agricultural water consumption.Green Star rating tools are currently available or in development for a variety of sectors, including commercial offices (design, construction and interior fitouts), retail centres, schools and universities, healthcare facilities, multi-unit residential dwellings, industrial fac ilities and public buildings.Considering the current persistent drought conditions and catchment storage infrastructure capacity limitations, integrating water saving measures into new buildings is a critical part of Australia's future growth.We now have more than 170 Green Star rated buildings in Australia which demonstrate that sustainable building practices are not only good for the environment, but for a company's bottom line too.The Green Building Council of Australia believes it's time that buildings were seen as producers rather than just consumers ofA US recent report, from McGraw-Hill Construction, has found that 85 per cent of America's construction industry believes that water efficiency will be an extremely important aspect of a green building by 2013. Significantly, respondents said that on average, applying water-efficient designs and products led to 15 per cent less water use, 10-11 per cent less energy use, and an 11 -12 per cent reduction in operating costs.AWA Sustaining the Rivers & ReseNoirs 17-18 November 2009, Canberra This 2-day conference w ill look at how management of rivers and storages might be improved to capture the benefits offered by storages, without the negatives of environmental damage, species loss and evaporative loss. Research on river health, environment al flow regimes, fish-ways, fish-ladders and the impacts of floods and fires on river catchments are among the issues to be discussed. Attendees fro m a broad range of disciplines, including asset managers, government officers, catchment and river basin managers and water quality scientists from Australia and New Zealand are expected to attend. For further details on the AWA Sustaining the Rivers and Reservoirs Specialty Conference, visitwww.awa.asn.au/events/randr Sponsorship and exhibition opportunities are available.6 SEPTEMBER 2009 waterf Platinum SpoosorStatetwaerAround 11 per cent of mains water is used in offices and other commercial buildings for drinking water and kitchen use, fire sprinkler testing, toilet flushing, showering, garden watering and cooling. With only a small percent age of these uses requiring potable water, 90-95 per cent of this water could be saved if non-potable water sources were available. Large office buildings can consume between 15,000 and 50,000 kilolitres of fresh potable water per year. At Workplace6, however, the first building in NSW to achieve a 6 Star - Green Star Office Design rating, and only the second to gain a 6 Star - Green Star As Built rating , a blackwater recycling system means the property uses just 10 per cent of the potable water of a typical building of comparable size. Workplace6 was developed by GPT Group in conjunction with Citta Property, and was officially opened in July this year. The 18,000 square metre building features 40 solar panels on the roof to provide the building's hot water, as well as a trigeneration plant to heat, cool and power the property. Instead of using cooling towers to reject heat from the building, water from Sydney Harbour is sucked into the basement to help cool the building, saving about 4.8 million litres of water annually. A black water treatment plant with sewer min ing capabilities is located on the site and processes the building's wastewater into clean grey water for flushing toilets and site irrigation. As a first for Australia, it also supplies irrigation water to the two neighbouring parks. The system has the capacity to producer gamy point of view 45,000 litres of fresh water per day. What's more, if the building is not producing enough wastewater, the system will draw on the public sewer and convert this waste into usable water.The Bond University Mirvac School of Sustainable Development, for inst ance, features a 'Living Laboratory' which encourage people to engage with the building itself and understand how it achieves high levels of sustainability.Smart water saving measures are not limited to commercial office spaces. Water efficient systems helped Mirvac achieve a 6 Star Green Star rating - Shopping Centre PILOT for the Orion Springfield Town Centre in Queensland.Bond University's world leading facility achieved a 6 Star Green Star - Education PILOT certified rating for its sustainable features and cutting-edge design. A comprehensive water recycli ng system means that the entire water requirement for landscape irrigation is sourced from rainwater and recycled greywater. The potable water consumption in the building has also been red uced by using water efficient fixtures and fittings, as well as rainwater and recycled water. Water met ers monitor water usage and are linked to the Building Management Syst em to provide a leak detection system.Orion Springfield is considered a pioneer of world's best practice in environmental design for a retail centre, with its Green Star rating representing world leadership. The project was the first in Australia to achieve a 6 Star Green Star rating for a retail centre. Orion Springfield was designed to use approximately half the energy of a similar-sized shopping centre and stores around 2,500 kilolitres of rainwater each year via 780,000 litre rainwater tanks. Innovative air conditioning systems recycle an additional 10,000 ki lolitres of water a year. All landscape watering , bin wash downs, toilet and urinal flushing, as well as cooling tower make-up and water feature top-ups are supplied from 100 per cent recycled water. The result is a 62 per cent reduction in potable water consumption compared to business as usual design. Part of the GBCA's role is to expand industry knowledge about Green Star and green building practices in general. Many Green Star buildings are delivering hands-on education opportunities and provide a daily lesson in the importance of environmental sustainability to Austral ia's future.The permanent education centre features a digital building management system wh ich links into the numerous energy and water meters and displays live and historical data on a range of environmental factors such as water and energy consumpt ion and energy generation. The Living Laboratory enables students, teachers and other visitors to not only learn about the building's water saving features, but also take those lessons away with them to apply them in their own homes. Through education, we hope more Australians wil l take practical steps to preserve the precious water resources in our own backyards. And through green building, we will continue to provide practical solutions to ensure that the well never runs dry.Confide nt in your field results?NEW waterproof pH, Conductivity and DO hand held meters from WTW ensure the right results. That's what's in it for you. Merck Chemicals.The security of knowing that your meter is l<Xl'lb waterproof, incorporates an easy to clean silicone keypad, CMC function which secu res your measurement range, field proven PC communication and waterproof USB interface makes wrw Profiline hand held meters the instruments of choice. For more information contact Merck on 1800 335 571 or visit www.merck-chemicals.com.auII,MERCK I IPumps • Valves • SystemsKse GJNear you, everywhere. C ustomers find KSB w herever t hey need us. We ha ve o ffices and sites in over 100 co untries including 7 sa les o ffices and 5 service centres in Austra lia. KSB A ust ral ia Pty Ltd sta rted operations in 1939 . Since then, we have been providi ng custom ers in the watet~ waste water, mi ning, b uilding services, industry, energy and service with hig h quality, inn ova tive pu mps, valves, systems and a fter sales service. Our 130 employees in 7 sales o ffices and 5 service ce ntres are rig ht w here yo u need them . KSB Australia Pty Ltd · Tottenham, VIC · www.ksb.com.auooNESIATERRITORYKalgoorlie PerthNewcastle SydneyChristchurchcrosscurrentNationalWeek 2009 is hosted by the Australian Water Association in conju nction with the National Water Commission. www.nationalwaterweek.org.au-Bilateral agreements for Environmental Assessments are now in place between the Commonwealth and all Australian states and territories. The agreements aim to cut out duplication and provide a more efficient way of ensuring environmental protection processes are upheld. Approval for developments impacting on matters of national environmental significance remains with the Minister for Environment, Heritage & the Arts.A new Global Access Partners report titled Urban Water: A Vision for National Progress suggests that establishing a more competitive urban water market will better ensure the sustai nable supply of water to cities. The report is available at www .globalaccesspartners.org/Urban Water Report. pdfThe National Water Commission released a report investigating the impact of changing wat er availability on the electricity sector in Australia. The report warns that water consumption would soar further if carbon capture and storage methods were built into coal-fired power stations.The new-look National Water Week 2009 website was launched. This year's theme - Securing Our Water Future provides a platform for organisations involved in the water sector to exchange knowledge and ideas with the broader community during the week 18-24 October. National Water(eLOWARAHydrovar is the world's first pump mounted microprocessor based pump controller. It does much more than just change pump speed, it truly manages your pump to match a wide range of system conditions. Energy savings of up to 70% can be achieved.Contact us now about your specific application. MelbourneMore than 100 new projects w ill share in $20 million to improve the collection, management and sharing of water information, under th e ro und three of the Modernisation and Extension of Hydrologic Monitoring Systems Program administered by the Bureau of Meteorology. Th e funding will support projects t o modernise and extend water information networks and systems in both urban and rural areas.The latest Water Services Association of Australia (WSAA) Report Card detailing the Australian urban water industry's performance 2008-09 was released. The Report Card outlines the $30 billion investment in a portfolio of new wat er sources which commenced in 2006 and will conc lude in 2013, and has shown that water consumption in residential Australia dropped by 12 per cent over the previous financial year.Recommendations to guide the future management of the internationally significant Macquarie Marshes wetland system were released for public comment. The Draft Macquarie Marshes Adaptive Envi ronmental Management Plan outlines actions required to halt the decline, and restore resil ience to the Macquarie Marshes.A Productivity Commission study into alternative market mechanisms that the Australian Government could use to diversify its purchase of water entitlements in the MurrayDarling Basin was announced. The Commission was asked to examine how the Government could use alternative marketbased mechanisms to diversify its water purchase program in the Murray-Darling Basin, which currently uses an open tender process as the principal way of purchasing water entitlements to restore environmental flows.Nominations continue to be sought for AWA's National Water Awards. The Awards recognise the comm itment, innovation and excellence of both individuals and organisations working within the Australian water sector. A copy of the 2010 brochure outlining the awards is available for download from the AWA website. Entries close 30 November 2009.03 9793 9999 Sydney02 9671 3666New South WalesBrisbane07 3200 6488Web: www.brownbros.com.au Email: info@brownbros.com.auBrown Brothers Engineers - - Australia Pty Ltd10 SEPTEMBER 2009waterFarms, busines
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