Test Bank for Food and Culture 7th Sucher

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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL TEST BANKTEST BANK FOR Food and Culture7th Edition By Sucher ISBN13-9781305628052CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSIONChapter 02 - Traditional…
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CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL TEST BANKTEST BANK FOR Food and Culture7th Edition By Sucher ISBN13-9781305628052CLICK HERE TO ACCESS FULL VERSIONChapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices True / False 1. The view of an individual’s relationship to fate is seldom related to the perception of time. a. True b. False ANSWER: False REFERENCES: Worldview -- Cultural Outlook KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 2. Cultural imposition can be defined as a tendency for health personnel to impose their beliefs, practices, and values upon another culture because they believe their views are superior. a. True b. False ANSWER: True REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 3. The American majority value that all people should have equal access to health care is shared by almost all cultures worldwide. a. True b. False ANSWER: False REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 4. Traditional views of health and illness often encompass a mind-body duality. a. True b. False ANSWER: True REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 5. For many biomedical health care providers, an illness isn’t real unless it is clinically significant; emotional or social issues are the domain of other specialists. a. True b. False ANSWER: True REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 6. Asians often believe that the yin and the yang of their surroundings and environment need to be kept in balance for cosmic and personal harmony and health. a. True b. False ANSWER: True REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Cultural Definitions of Health Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 1Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices KEYWORDS:Bloom's: Understand7. Traditional views of being thin are seldom negative and do not have underlying associations with poor diet and disease. a. True b. False ANSWER: False REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Cultural Definitions of Health KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 8. “Hot” and “cold” associations between food and health would suggest that the hot and cold aspects of food should be balanced to account for personal constitution and the weather. a. True b. False ANSWER: True REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Health Maintenance KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 9. In a traditional culture, the evil eye can be blamed for causing illness when an envious enemy casts it. a. True b. False ANSWER: True REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 10. The future orientation of the biomedical model expects patients to put up with a high level of pain and discomfort in the present for the future health benefit. a. True b. False ANSWER: True REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand Multiple Choice 11. Approximately what percentage of adults in the U.S. used some form of CAM during the year 2007? a. 50% b. 72% c. 38% d. 12% e. 83% ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Introduction KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 12. In biomedical culture, three causes of disease are identified: a. immediate causes, underlying causes, and ultimate causes. Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 2Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices b. immediate causes, emerging causes, and ultimate causes. c. immediate causes, intermediate causes, and underlying causes. d. spiritual causes, emerging causes, and ultimate causes. e. spiritual causes, underlying causes, and immediate causes. ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 13. What is the belief of the “majority American worldviewâ€? in regard to fate? a. a belief in personal control over fate b. a belief that fate controls the future c. a belief that illness is a result of fate d. a belief in fate only in movies e. a belief in fate only if prescribed by physician ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Worldview -- Cultural Outlook KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 14. A monochronistic view of time suggests: a. doing several things at once. b. doing only two things at a time. c. doing one thing at a time. d. focusing on one color at a time. e. doing nothing. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Worldview -- Cultural Outlook KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 15. What ethnicity focuses most on the belief that fulfilling social obligations is essential to health and that disharmony with family or village members can result in illness? a. Gypsies b. African Americans c. Middle Easterners d. Pacific Islanders e. Native Americans ANSWER: d REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Cultural Definitions of Health KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 16. When sickness is assumed to be due to the actions of the patient, reasons for illness might include a. bad weather, allergens, and pollution. b. viruses, bacteria, and parasites. c. food and exercise choices. d. interpersonal disharmony. e. conjury. Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 3Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 17. When a health care provider imposes her or his beliefs, practices, and values on a patient from another culture, what is this termed? a. supernatural powers b. cultural imposition c. worldview d. cultural inquisition e. biomedical approach ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 18. Expression of emotions through bodily complaints is called a. sympathetic qualities. b. the biomedical approach. c. somatization. d. empacho. e. empathetic qualities. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 19. A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease, defines what term? a. biomedical approach b. holistic medicine c. botanical remedies d. health e. welfare ANSWER: d REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Cultural Definitions of Health KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 20. General dietary guidelines for health that are similar to those of the U.S. have been developed for many countries, and usually include what concept(s)? a. five food groups b. using foods as medicine because of their intrinsic properties c. balance and moderation d. calorie restriction and physical activity e. vitamin supplements ANSWER: c REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Health Maintenance KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 4Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices 21. Hot–cold concepts developed out of humoral medicine that identified four characteristics in the natural world associated with four body humors. a. Middle Eastern b. Latin American c. Renaissance d. ancient Greek e. Native American Indian ANSWER: d REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Health Maintenance KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 22. Sympathetic medicine and sympathetic magic use the word sympathetic to mean a. agreeably suited to a disposition or mood. b. vibrations from being in harmony. c. items that have visible characteristics similar to human body parts or organs. d. items that feel similar to human body parts or organs. e. balanced and in moderation. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Health Maintenance KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 23. The Japanese diet based on brown rice, miso soup, and vegetables that was popularized in Europe as promoting health in the 1920s is called a. microbiotics. b. the raw food diet. c. macrobiotics. d. the yin-yang diet. e. ritualistic cannibalism. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 24. Culture-bound syndromes are a. a holistic view of the total experiences of the patient. b. healers chosen by cost and convenience. c. culturally defined folk illnesses that may be difficult to treat if not actually considered an illness. d. always due to witches and conjury issues. e. brought on by the evil eye. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 25. Witches, sorcerers, and root doctors have the power to manipulate the natural or supernatural world through a. the evil eye. Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 5Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices b. wind or bad air. c. conjury. d. humor systems. e. magic wands. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 26. What type of medicine proposes that blood and lymph flow, as well as nerve function, improves through manipulation of the musculoskeletal system? a. chiropractic b. acupuncture c. osteopathic d. homeopathy e. traditional Chinese medicine ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 27. In what type of medicine is the body aided to heal itself through non-invasive natural treatments? a. osteopathic b. biomedical c. supernatural healing d. naturopathic e. magico-religious interventions ANSWER: d REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 28. Cultures use different therapies to cure illness. The practice of is based on the tenant that “like cures like.â€? a. folk healing b. homeopathy c. ayurvedic medicine d. naturopathic medicine e. chiropractic medicine ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 29. What act defines dietary supplements as separate from food and drugs? a. DSHEA b. USDA c. FDA d. Botanical Labeling Act e. American Herbal Products Association Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 6Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Botanical Remedies KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 30. The consecutive or concurrent use of multiple health care systems is called a. biomedical healing. b. dual medicine. c. medical pluralism. d. ayurvedic medicine. e. cooperative monitoring. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Pluralistic Health Care Systems -- Medical Pluralism KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 31. Approximately how much do Americans currently spend on complementary and alternative medicine annually? a. $11 billion b. $40 billion c. $1 million d. $350 thousand e. $1 million ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Introduction KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 32. The ancient Asian Indian system of healing is called a. biomedicine. b. holistic therapy. c. ayurvedic medicine. d. traditional Chinese medicine. e. magico-religious interventions. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Introduction KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 33. The majority members in the United States are , meaning they prefer to concentrate on one issue or task at a time in a sequential manner. a. multicultural b. monochronistic c. immigrants d. materialistic e. spiritual ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Worldview -- Cultural Outlook KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 7Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices 34. Which cultural group is an example of one that believes a person’s family should be involved in all health care decisions? a. Jews b. Middle Easterners c. Americans d. Latin Americans e. Native Americans ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Worldview -- Cultural Outlook KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 35. Majority American values emphasize and control over fate. a. formality b. individuality c. hierarchy or status d. spiritualism e. idealism ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Worldview -- Cultural Outlook KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 36. The number of adults over 65 years of age in the U.S. is expected to double by what year? a. 2080 b. 2050 c. 2016 d. 2020 e. 2100 ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Worldview -- Biomedical Worldview KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 37. What type(s) of attributes are commonly associated with well-being? a. behavioral characteristics b. physical characteristics (i.e., skin, hair sheen, weight) c. clinical features such as sore throat d. routine laboratory measures e. disharmony within the context of relationships ANSWER: b REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Cultural Definitions of Health KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 38. What type of medicine uses pulses associated with internal organs, each with its own characteristics? a. ayurvedic medicine b. biomedicine c. holistic medicine Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 8Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices d. traditional Chinese medicine e. magico-religious medicine ANSWER: d REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Cultural Definitions of Health KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 39. In many non-U.S. cultures, being is considered a protective factor that is indicative of health as well as an attribute of beauty. a. thin b. overweight c. physically fit d. wealthy e. American ANSWER: b REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Cultural Definitions of Health KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 40. The yin and yang system of dietary planning is dominant in what cultural group? a. Asian b. American c. Hispanic d. Swedish e. African ANSWER: a REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Health Maintenance KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 41. During 2007-2008, the National Center for Health Statistics in the United States reported that the average daily energy intake for women was kcalories (kcal). a. 2,504 b. 1,771 c. 1,896 d. 2,001 ANSWER: b REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Health Maintenance KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 42. What term is used for the entire disease-illness process? a. sickness b. disease c. illness d. deficiency e. weakness ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Disease, Illness and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness and Sickness Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 9Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices KEYWORDS:Bloom's: Understand43. What are three health habits that nearly all cultures identify as health preserving? a. exercise, family, and spirituality b. alcohol consumption, preventative care, and dressing warmly c. rest, relaxation, and recreation d. a good diet, sufficient rest, and cleanliness e. a low-fat diet, rigorous exercise, and family time ANSWER: d REFERENCES: What Is Health? -- Health Maintenance KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 44. Which of the following would be an example of sickness due to the patient? a. heart disease from eating fatty foods b. getting struck by lightning c. sickness from a virus d. an influenza outbreak e. exposure to the evil eye ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Apply 45. The use of astrology for determining the health status of a person coincides with what belief about sickness? a. Sickness is due to the social world. b. Sickness is due to the patient. c. Sickness is due to the natural world. d. Sickness is due to the supernatural world. e. Sickness is due to spiritual fate. ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 46. Wind or bad air is of particular concern in many cultural groups because it can enter the body through , causing illness. a. the eyes b. pores in the body c. food-borne contagions d. an epidemic e. supernatural forces ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 47. An envious gaze that is believed by many to project harm on another person is called a. a stare. Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 10Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices b. the evil eye. c. a bewitching gaze. d. a seizure. e. the curse. ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 48. Invoking supernatural forces, or , is a frequent social cause of sickness. a. astrology b. conjury c. disharmony d. bad air e. fate ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Cultural Definitions of Disease, Illness, and Sickness KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 49. What is the term for addressing the experience of illness, alleviating the infirmities of the sick, and responding to the personal, familial, and social issues surrounding sickness? a. cure b. holistic medicine c. treatment d. healing e. seeking care ANSWER: d REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Apply 50. Who is most likely to use complementary and alternative medicine in the U.S.? a. middle to-upper class women b. young men c. the elderly d. the poor who can’t afford health care e. executives ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 51. More than 80 percent of the world’s population uses remedies to treat illness and optimize health. a. traditional b. Eastern c. Western d. magico-religious e. herbal Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 11Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices ANSWER: e REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Botanical Remedies KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 52. Healers in the American South who specialize in communicating with spirits or saints through ceremonial invocation and may also use herbal preparations are called a. witch doctors. b. voodoo practitioners. c. root doctors. d. curadernos. e. Shamans. ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 53. What is the practice in which a spoon or coin is rubbed across the skin for healing or to relieve tension called? a. acupuncture b. coining c. moxibustion d. massage e. cupping ANSWER: b REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 54. To relieve yin (too much cold), a small, burning bundle of herbs is used to restore balance of energy. What is this procedure called? a. acupressure b. coining c. moxibustion d. scratching e. massage ANSWER: c REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 55. Sacred healers with exceptional powers among the Native American groups are called a. medicine men. b. espiritos. c. curanderas. d. faith healers. e. voodoo practioners. ANSWER: a REFERENCES: Disease, Illness, and Sickness -- Healing Practices KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand Cengage Learning Testing, Powered by CogneroPage 12Chapter 02 - Traditional Health Beliefs and Practices Matching a. Majority American value b. Other cultural groups REFERENCES: Worldview -- Cultural Outlook KEYWORDS: Bloom's: Understand 56. Time dominates ANSWER: a 57. Indirectness/ritual/“face” ANSWER: b 58. Materialism ANSWER: a 59. Fate determines what happens ANSWER: b 60. Informality ANSWER: a Essay 61. Briefly discuss why worldview is especially evident in serious, life-and-death health care decisions. ANSWER: Southeast Asians may appear indifferent to a terminally ill family member and have little interest in prolonging life because of a faith in reincarnation. Some African Americans distrust white American health care recommendations regarding do-not-resuscitate orders in part because they contradict the critical role of faith in African American healing. An Orthodox Jewish patient may believe that physicians are mandated to preserve life and that any person who assists death through denial of sustaining care is a murderer; a non-Orthodox Jew m
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