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July/August 2019MichiganGardener.comYour guide to Great Lakes gardeningPlease thank our advertisers in this issuePERENNIALSFalse sunflower Garden to Table Brussels…
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July/August 2019MichiganGardener.comYour guide to Great Lakes gardeningPlease thank our advertisers in this issuePERENNIALSFalse sunflower Garden to Table Brussels sprout saladGarden Profile Ponds, Streams and WaterfallsVegetable Patch How to grow berriesNew PlantsNew shrubs for 2019Remember the good old days of excellent customer service? We brought them back!Tree & Lawn Services Tree & Shrub Disease Control • Tree & Shrub Insect Control Lawn Fertilization, including Organic & Lake-Safe Options Lawn Aeration • Lawn Weed & Insect ControlHome Insect Control We treat your home’s foundation—reducing the need to apply pesticides inside. Spiders, ants & more.Sick trees? We can help save them! Our targeted tree injection methods are safer and more effective than traditional sprays. All tree injection methods are not alike. Our system: • Prevents air from entering the tree. When air is allowed into a tree’s vascular system, it cuts off flow of water and nutrients.Pest Control: Deer & Rabbit Repellents • Mole & Chipmunk Control• Minimizes wounding to keep out fungi, bacteria and insects. • No holes are drilled into the tree. • Allows multiple treatments without damaging the tree. We control diseases on Spruces, Pines, Maples, Oaks, Sycamores, Crabapples, Rhododendrons, Azaleas, Hollies, and more. Call us!Can’t garden due to biting mosquitoes? Enjoy gardening again! Our mosquito program will curtail mosquitoes all season long—Call us!Discounts! Mention this Michigan Gardener ad for a 10% PREPAY DISCOUNT! Ask us about FREE SOIL TESTING!248-698-4470service@contenders-mi.com www.contenders-mi.comCall or E-Mail Us Today for a Free Estimate! We Service Oakland, Wayne & Washtenaw CountiesOur clients have enjoyed our exceptional service since 2008. Call us—You will too!HydrangeasA Summer FavoriteStarting at29$991.5 gallon potJOIN TODAY! Garden Club Members SAVE 10% OFF most purchases for one year.Fire Light Hydrangea Proven Winners ColorChoice Hydrangea of the YearLet’s Dance Rhythmic BlueMore than 80 varieties in our 2019 Hydrangea CollectionJoin Us For These FREE Seminars Hydrangeas 101 Saturday, July 13 at 10 a.m. Saturday, August 10 at 10 a.m. We will teach you the basics of hydrangeas, including the different varieties and tips for their care.At Our Six StoresHydrangea Blooming Tips Saturday, July 20 at 10 a.m. Saturday, August 17 at 10 a.m. An English Gardens expert will share our secrets for successful hydrangeas so your garden is a knock out!Visit EnglishGardens.com for a complete list of events.Clinton Township 586-286-6100 Dearborn Heights 313-278-4433 Eastpointe 586-771-4200 Plymouth/Ann Arbor 734-453-5500 Royal Oak 248-280-9500 800.335.GROW • EnglishGardens.com Connect with us:WE DELIVER!West Bloomfield 248-851-7506 Landscape Services 248-874-1400In July, perennial gardeners are just getting started.4Michigan Gardener | July/August 2019 | MichiganGardener.comGarden Wisdom Change is part of gardening. Either you accept it, or you suffer.At Telly’s, there is always something fresh to add color to your summer garden. Come see why we are a favorite summer destination for so many Michigan gardeners.Anemone 'Fall in Love Sweetly' Double flowers each fall. 20-24" tall. Spreads slowly from rhizomes. Full or Part Sun.—Monty DonBuddleia 'Grand Cascade' Enormous, pendulous, lavender-purple panicles 12" long and 4" wide, July to Sept. Full or Part Sun.www.PerennialResource.com‘Summer Sun’ Perennial Perspectives: False sunflower�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Back CoverEchinacea Eye-Catcher Series Enormous flowers, up to 5" wide! 'Atomic Orange', 'Canary' & 'Coral Craze'. July to Sept blooms.Hosta ‘Wu-La-La’ Sport of ‘Empress Wu’. Huge blue-green leaves edged apple-green. 3-4' tall, 4' wide. Full or Part Shade.Hibiscus ‘Holy Grail’ 9” wide, deep red flowers July-Aug. Nearly black foliage; bright green calyxes. Full Sun-Part Shade.Itoh Peony ‘Raggedy Ann' One of several Itoh peonies we have. Big blooms in astonishing color combos. Sun AND Shade.Ask MG............................................................6 To-Do List........................................................8 Vegetable Patch..........................................10 Books for the Michigan Gardener.......12 Thyme for Herbs........................................14 Classified Ads..............................................15 Garden to Table: Brussels Sprout Salad...............................18 New Shrubs for 2019...............................20 Calendar........................................................22 Where to pick up Michigan Gardener.....................................24Publisher/Editor Eric Hofley Heliopsis 'Burning Hearts' Native. Big yellow & red daisy-like flowers mid-late summer. Attracts butterflies & pollinators.Nepeta 'Kitten Around' Adorable compact catmint, 13” tall. Periwinkle flowers June-Sept. Fragrant foliage. Full or Part Sun.TROY • 248-689-8735 3301 John R • 1/4 mile north of 16 Mile Rd.SHELBY TOWNSHIP • 248-659-8555Design & Production Jonathon Hofley Advertising Eric Hofley Circulation Jonathon Hofley Editorial Assistant Anna Doman4343 24 Mile • Btwn Dequindre & Shelby Rd.www.tellys.comfind us onContributors Brian Allnutt Neil/Ruth Atzinger Karen Bovio Cheryl English Emaline Fronckowiak Mary Gerstenberger Julia Hofley Rosann Kovalcik Beverly Moss George Papadelis Sandie Parrott Traven Pelletier Jean/Roxanne Riggs Deborah Silver Jim Slezinski Lisa Steinkopf Steve Turner Emily WilsonAdvertiser Index........................................25 Weather Wrap...........................................25 Subscription Form.....................................25 Places to Grow...........................................26 Garden Profile: Ponds, Streams and Waterfalls...........28 Through the Lens......................................35 On the cover: False sunflower ‘Sunstruck’ displays white and green variegated leaves and a dwarf habit. Learn more starting on the back cover. Photo: www.PerennialResource.com30747 Greenfield Rd., Suite 1 Southfield, MI 48076 Phone: 248-594-5563 Fax: 248-594-5564 E-mail: publisher@MichiganGardener.com Website: www.MichiganGardener.com Publishing schedule 5 issues per year: April, May, June, July/Aug, Sept/Oct. Published the first week of the month. Subscriptions (Please make check payable to Michigan Gardener) 1 yr, 5 iss/$13 2 yr, 10 iss/$24 3 yr, 15 iss/$33 Back issues All past issues are available. Please send your request along with a check for $3.00 per issue payable to Michigan Gardener. Canadian subscriptions 1 yr, 5 iss/$22 US 2 yr, 10 iss/$42 US Copyright © 2019 Michigan Gardener. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be copied, reproduced or used in any form without the expressed, written permission of the publisher. Neither the advertiser nor the publisher will be responsible for misinformation, typographical errors, omissions, etc. contained herein. Michigan Gardener is published by Motor City Publishing, Inc.Come to Us, or…We’ll Come to You!Come tour over 40 water feature displays at our state-of-the-art specialty storeFREE SEMINARS • Pond & Waterfall Design • Spring Pond Start-Up • Pond Maintenance • Pond Construction: Hands-On Workshop Register: www.pondplace.com or call 248-889-8400Our Mobile Team will Service all of your pond needsWe offer Pond and Seawall Builds and Repairs! Call us for a FREE estimatePond Start-up and20% OFFMaintenance Programs starting at just $149Call us for Summer Pond Maintenance!POND PLANTS during August 2019MICHIGAN’S #1 POND SPECIALIST SINCE 2001 SHOP ONLINE 24/7 AND VISIT OUR WEBSITE FOR MONTHLY DISCOUNTS 3505 W. Highland Rd. (M-59) • Milford 48380 • 248-889-8400 • www.pondplace.comBeautify your lakefront and solve your erosion problems The Pond Place of Michigan will help solve your erosion problems. We carry a full line of seawall options that will last a lifetime and help ensure your property is protected and visually appealing. We’ll assist you through the permitting process too!BEFORE Vinyl Bulkhead Steel Bulkhead Galvanized Bulkhead Boulder Seawalls Natural Stone Seawalls Rosetta Seawalls Rip Rap Installation Beach Installation Lakeshore Drainage IssuesCall or Email us for a FREE quote! 248-889-8400 or customerservice@pondplace.comAFTERIn-home Pond Consultation: $149 Don’t waste money on misdiagnosis of your pond. Let our expert team tailor a treatment plan that guarantees success by giving your pond the proper diagnosis and treatment it needs. Aeration systems, fountains, and eco-friendly products. Call the Pond Place of Michigan at 248-889-8400 and we will come out and show you everything needed to keep your pond healthy.6Michigan Gardener | July/August 2019 | MichiganGardener.comHave a question? Send it in! Go to MichiganGardener.com and click on “Submit a question”Growing plants under a maplePropagating coleusA few years ago, we began having problems growing things under our maple tree. The grass is gone and the groundcovers have slowly died off too. For the previous 20 years, there were no problems—I had an assortment of shade-loving plants. For the last three years I have tried myrtle, with no success. The circle of non-growth is becoming large and unattractive. Is my only option putting mulch there? Are there any groundcovers that might survive? L.W. Rochester Hills As maple trees mature, so do their feeder roots, which live in the top two feet of the soil surface. There is little soil left for anything else to survive. You can plant hostas and dry shadeloving plants such as barrenwort (Epimedium), ajuga, lamiastrum, or brunnera, but they need to come out to the canopy drip line where there is a margin of sunlight and less root competition. You can plant in between the tree root flares, but out toward the drip line away from the trunk. Grass, on the other hand, needs sun and will always lose the battle under a maple. Never plant over a root flare at the base of a tree, but leave it exposed to feed the tree and provide support. Planting or mulching over it harbors moisture and smothers the tree’s ability to breathe. It can rot the flare and cause the tree to decline and be susceptible to other diseases. You can mulch in between the flares, not touching the trunk, and without covering the root flares themselves. Maples get extremely dense canopies as they mature, and earlier plantings can lose the marginal sunlight that was there initially to survive. For the health of the tree as well, consider having the canopy assessed by an arborist who can carefully thin it to provide better air circulation and reduce fungus problems such as the common tar spot. Also consider earlyblooming plants, like hellebores, which bloom before the canopy leafs out and matures.Late last year, I took cuttings from ‘Chocolate Covered Cherry’ coleus. They did well but the new growth came out totally different. I thought I was cloning them? Any idea what happened? J.T., Pinckney It’s possible that you did not get an apical stem with a significant number of nodes on the stem for root formation. Side or leaf cuttings may not have the right genetic information, and they don’t have the apical growth information needed to form a new plant. Because coleus is hybridized extensively, the genetics on some of the newer varieties may have genetic code that causes one set of genes to override the other, making leaf and side cuttings not a replica of the mother plant. This particular variety actually does far better from seed and is almost exclusively sold as seed for indoor sowing for spring planting. A mature plant of this cultivar does not produce blooms until much later in the season, unlike many of its cousins who flower often and need to be pinched to maintain the bushy desirable leaves. Not having to pinch off flowers is desirable when used as a landscape bedding plant for continuous color. But if you want plant stock for next year, allow flowers to form in the late season and collect the seed for next year’s planting. In this coleus variety, the seed is true to type, and you can sow seed in peat pots for summer planting.Shrubs for screening I live on a corner lot and need fairly fast-growing hedges or screening shrubs (6 to 15 feet tall) for privacy from the road. The plants must be deer resistant. I would prefer to avoid privet and arborvitae. Are there any good options available? A.B., Troy Depending on the size of your lot, the arborvitae ‘Green Giant’ has a more open pyramidal shape like a Christmas tree and deerNeed help in your garden? Hire a ProfessionalOur members work with Integrity, Intelligence & Pride www.associationofprofessionalgardeners.org aprogardener@gmail.comNew members always welcome Visit our website for program scheduledo not seem to like this cultivar. They seem to prefer the tight, compact ‘Emerald Green’ we so often see decimated by deer browse. If a complete hedge of these seems overpowering, you could intersperse with wayfaring viburnums, forsythia, rose of Sharon, common lilac, or even bridal wreath spireas. This would also make the hedge more interesting. All of these have a moderate to fast growth rate. You would have the year-round green of the arborvitae. The viburnums are almost evergreen here in Michigan, with their leather-like fuzzy leaves, which the deer do not like. You get the additional benefit of a bloom in late spring and a strong twiggy presence in winter. The spireas, forsythia, rose of Sharon and lilac obviously give a strong bloom presence in spring to later summer, and a thick twiggy appearance in winter which would also screen the road. None of these shrubs is particularly favored by deer. The forsythia and spirea can be sheared after bloom to maintain the right height. Both have a draping growth pattern, but can benefit from a light pruning to maintain width. Do not shear too late or you remove next year’s flower buds. The viburnums can also be hand-pruned immediately after bloom to encourage side branching. The rose of Sharon should be hand-pruned as well after its late bloom to maintain shape and air circulation within its canopy.Creeping phlox companions Are there plants I can underplant with creeping phlox to continue the color for the summer? K.K., Warren Creeping phlox likes good drainage and prefers morning sun. So any additional plants need to like those same conditions. Bergenia (Bergenia cordifolia) is a clumping, spring- to early summer-blooming perennial whose large, heart-shape foliage is shiny and evergreen. Its flowers rise on one-foot stalks and last for several days. Cushion spurge (Euphorbia polychroma) has several new foliage colors available. One is ‘Bonfire,’ which boasts burgundy foliage leading up to chartreuse bracts on the tips. Lamb’s ear (Stachys), particularly ‘Helen Von Stein,’ boasts beautiful gray, fuzzy leaves that stay rich and tidy. The blossom stalks are late and can be removed after flowering to retain the foliage. It’s a great “blending” plant in rock gardens, often used as edging. The ever popular perennial geraniums, such as ‘Rozanne,’ will weave through the bed, popping up color on strong stems over the phlox. For height, consider pocket planting agastache, coneflowers, or black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta), interspersing them through the bed for later summer color andpollinator-friendly flowers. Definitely use early-spring bulbs such as daffodils, species tulips, and hyacinths. Their dissipated foliage can be hidden by the phlox foliage and other plants. Also consider foliage color as an alternative to having flowers. It is longer lasting in the garden and never needs deadheading to keep producing. Leaf texture and shape are also factors when designing for long season interest.Topiary pruning a boxwood I have a 4- by 4-foot boxwood that’s usually trimmed roundish. Is it possible to shape it to a live topiary of a sitting Buddha? What are the pitfalls if I attempt this myself or should I hire a pruning expert? A.L., White Lake Taking on a complex form like a sitting Buddha would require making a chicken wire form that fits over the boxwood and subsequently trimming away the excess plant material. You can also use string to tie the circles corresponding to the head, neck and belly on to the shrub. There are actually YouTube videos on how to make the wire cages and tie the string outlines. However, most topiary is quite geometric or round, since that best fits the growing nature of the plant. The green growth does not always grow all the way into the center of the plant. There are hollow spots and varied twig formations that can deform the desired shape. It is also a very high maintenance project. Most topiary gardens are variations of triangles, squares, circles, and pyramids, none of which are a sitting Buddha. Once formed, they are easily kept to shape with shearing. That said, if the current shape of your large boxwood suggests a human figure, you may have some foundation for your topiary. The string guides are like “drawing an outline” on the shrub. With needle-nose pruners you can snip away what doesn’t belong in the drawing. If it turns out badly, the only thing you have lost is a shrub and gained some humbling experience. Generally, most animal, human or organic topiaries are made with chicken wire frames, sphagnum moss and vines, such as various ivy and herb plants. Plant plugs are planted in the moss, supported by the shaped wire frame and then trained to weave and grow on the frame into the shape desired. Taking an existing mature boxwood and shaping it into a human figure may be more challenging than you would like, with less than satisfying results. Answers provided by Beverly Moss, owner of Garden Rhythms.Please don’t buy anything! The crew has the store looking perfect!But the boss says:COME IN ANY TIME!2629 Orchard Lake Rd. • Sylvan Lake, MI • 248-738-0500 • aguafina.com Creators of Exceptional Gardens & Tranquil Escapes • Mon-Sat 9am-5pmRETREAT TO YOUR HAPPY PLACE We’ll take it from here.After all the prep work, it’s time to enjoy your outdoor oasis. Our arborists provide important services like inspecting and treating trees so that your yard is healthy, lush and vibrant.Monroe 419-464-7038Auburn Hills 248-518-0560Chesterfield 586-221-0530Full Service Tree Care Plant Health Care | Lawn Programs The Davey Tree Expert Company | davey.comCanton 734-249-6695Wixom 248-621-38288Michigan Gardener | July/August 2019 | MichiganGardener.comFeature Task: Successful lawn care Annuals • If annuals aren’t looking fabulous, the solution can be traced to water, light or fertilizer. Make sure annuals planted in the garden receive at least an inch of water a week. Fertilize every other week with a water-soluble fertilizer. If both of those are happening and they still don’t look good, check the light. Most annuals need at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight each day to thrive. • Hanging baskets and containers need more attention, because they dry out faster and need to be watered once a day and fed at least every week. If it is very hot, containers may need to be watered twice a day. • An area that used to be full sun, where marigolds and salvia thrived, may now be part or full shade where wax begonias and torenia will be happier. The opposite may also be true: a neighbor may have lost an ash tree, and now there’s full sun in a previously shady area.Bulbs: Summer-Flowering • Support tall-growing plants like dahlias, lilies, and gladiolas with stakes. Remove faded blooms from plants to encourage reblooming.Birdbaths & Fountains • Clean birdbaths and fountains. Scrub algae growth from birdbaths, and add fresh water for wildlife. Birds and pollinators appreciate a fresh source of water to drink and bathe in. • Midsummer is a good time to clean your fountain pump. Remove the pump, take
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